Why does diabetes occur?
Diabetes occurs in people when the pancreas does not produce a specific hormone enough. That hormone, which is required by the body to manage sugar levels, is insulin. On the other hand, there might be a case that the body is not able to use the insulin properly. The purpose of insulin is to carry or supply sugar or glucose from the blood to the cells. Then, when the glucose reaches the cells, the sugar is converted into energy, which is used immediately by the body or stored in the body for future use. The bodily functions are performed by using this energy provided by the glucose.
How do I know if I have diabetes?
Basic Symptoms of diabetes:
- Increased urination and thirst.
- Increased hunger and feeling tired most of the times.
- The vision of the person becomes blurred.
- Numbness in the hands or feet.
- Sudden Weight Loss
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes can be observed within a few weeks, but the symptoms of type 2 diabetes cannot be observed as easily, and they develop over time. Health problems tend to start suddenly when the person is suffering from type 2 diabetes.
How do I manage diabetes?
Along with certain medications, certain habits will also need to be changed by a person suffering from diabetes:
- Stop all use of tobacco products.
- Keeping the blood pressure normal and below 129/179. This plays an important role while managing diabetes.
- Healthy lifestyle changes need to be made in order to manage diabetes in a professional manner.
- Reduce stress by removing things that cause stress in your life. This will help keep the blood pressure where it should be. Try scheduling fun activities for yourself on a regular basis.
- Routine Exercise. Exercise will give you more energy, reduce the stress levels, and will make it easier for you to fall asleep. Walking or jogging for at least 30 minutes every day is recommended.
- Don’t view walking as a task and instead take it as a fun activity. Try using a pedometer to make walking a fun activity.
- Never go on harsh diets while suffering from diabetes. Instead, go with nutritious food for a healthier lifestyle. Consult a dietician for the best options.
- Do regular check-ups with your doctor.
- Review all the tests that you have conducted at home and what changes you have made in your life with your doctor. Your doctor might help you out with what to follow and what changes to make if needed.
- Join a diabetic group in order to connect with different people suffering from the same diabetes.There are many options you can use online.
- Choose foods that are lower in terms of calories, sugar, salt, and saturated fat. Eating foods high in fiber is recommended, such as whole grain bread, vegetables, fruits with low sugar (hence bananas are not preferable), and low fat or skimmed milk.
- Avoid liquid calories as they add extra sugar to the body without providing any vital nutrients. Sodas and juices should be avoided. Always prefer water to any other liquid.
- Take your medications on time.
- Check your feet every day for any cuts, blisters or any other injuries. When suffering from diabetes, your feet could go numb and you would not feel a cut.
- Do not let diabetes rule your life. Focus on enjoying life. Diabetes is not an end to your life and is something that can be managed with the steps listed above.